General Information about Endometrial Cancer

General Information About Endometrial Cancer

KEY POINTS

  • Endometrial cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the endometrium.
  • Obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes mellitus may increase the risk of endometrial cancer.
  • Taking tamoxifen for breast cancer or taking estrogen alone (without progesterone) can increase the risk of endometrial cancer.
  • Signs and symptoms of endometrial cancer include unusual vaginal discharge or pain in the pelvis.
  • Tests that examine the endometrium are used to detect (find) and diagnose endometrial cancer.
  • Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.

 

Endometrial cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the endometrium.

The endometrium is the lining of the uterus, a hollow, muscular organ in a woman’s pelvis. The uterus is where a fetus grows. In most nonpregnant women, the uterus is about 3 inches long. The lower, narrow end of the uterus is the cervix, which leads to the vagina.

Cancer of the endometrium is different from cancer of the muscle of the uterus, which is called sarcoma of the uterus.

Obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes mellitus may increase the risk of endometrial cancer.

Anything that increases your risk of getting a disease is called a risk factor. Having a risk factor does not mean that you will get cancer; not having risk factors doesn’t mean that you will not get cancer. Talk with your doctor if you think you may be at risk. Risk factors for endometrial cancer include the following:

These facts were taken from the National Cancer Institute. For more info, please click here.